Energy for Nigeria

Energy for Nigeria

Nigeria Coal Atlas
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How much coal should Nigeria burn to increase electricity supplies for the country? Is coal economically viable, and what health hazards does it bring to Nigerians? The Nigeria Coal Atlas has relevant facts & figures from domestic and international sources.

Coal Power At What Cost?

Many countries, especially the developed ones, are getting out of coal power due to issues of pollution and global warming. Coal pollution is costing the European Union 43 billion Euros annually in health cost; such health costs are not usually included when comparing the prices of various energy sources. Yet Nigeria, in the bid to solve its power problems, is looking to coal as a solution to its energy needs. This video tries to analyze Nigeria’s coal - to - power potentials and policies whilst weighing the true cost of coal power in Nigeria.

Download Full Report: Power at what cost?

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Nigeria‘s population of about 170 million people share 4,000 Megawatt of electricity between them. That amounts to about 3 light bulbs per person. However, Nigeria sees itself as a future world economic power. So how is Nigeria going to power its envisaged economic growth? What is Nigeria’s energy future? This article is based on a lecture held at the Lagos Business School by Hans Verolme, international expert specialising on green development solutions, climate and energy.

 

Despite the acute lack of electricity and the huge potentials for solar, wind and biomass in Nigeria, the renewable energy market is very small. Is Nigeria addicted to oil and gas? Or is there a policy window of opportunity to increase the amount of renewable energy that would benefit small businesses and households? An assessment by Christine K, with a policy advice on Pay As You Go Solar for Nigeria.

Building powered by solar energy in Nigeria

Many Nigerians have grown skeptical about the power of solar. The general impression is that solar energy cannot provide a lot of power, that ‘it’s not bright’ and that it breaks down after just a few months. One solar engineer in the capital city of Abuja has gone all the way to demonstrate that this impression is wrong: He has built a block of apartments which are run entirely on renewable energy.

Nigeria produces 4,500 MW of electricity, a mere 7% of what Brazil produces per capita. The country will need 200,000 MW of power in the next fifteen years. The abundant natural gas alone cannot provide for this need. A Fact Sheet on the potentials of Renewable Energies as a power tool against corruption.

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The rise of renewable energies worldwide has caused prices of solar, wind and biomass technologies to drop by up to 80 percent. Clean energy has become affordable and communities, companies and nations are switching over. Hannah Kabir of CREEDS Energy describes the clean energy opportunities for Nigeria. A chapter from the Coal Atlas.

Hard Talk between Ambassador Joseph Ayalogu, Executive Director Corporate Relations of ETA Zuma Group, the company that holds licences for coal mining and coal power plants in Kogi State, and Nnimmo Bassey, Director of the Health of Mother Earth Foundation, who advocates for ‘leaving coal in the hole’ and opposes extraction. Will coal push Nigeria into the industrial age? Or will it leave host communities as impoverished and polluted as some communities in the Niger Delta? The Hard Talk was moderated by Christine K, Director of the Heinrich Böll Foundation Nigeria.

Earlier this year in Myanmar, torrential rain caused mudslides that wiped out hundreds of houses and caused large-scale crop destruction. More than 1.3 million people were affected, and over 100 died. In Vietnam, the same deluges caused toxic slurry pits from coal mines to overflow and run through villages, and into the World Heritage-listed Ha Long Bay; the death toll was 17. As such weather events become increasingly frequent and intense, the need to mitigate and adapt to climate change is becoming more urgent than ever.

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All technologies have their own footprint. Renewable energy sources are generally cleaner, more sustainable and better for social development than fossil-fueled alternatives. As with any technology there are pros and cons to the use of renewables. Our report “Renewables on the Rise” clearly showed the benefits of renewable energy development. In this blog, author Hans Verolme looks at potential risks and problems associated with the large scale development of renewable energy technologies.

Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa and holds the largest natural gas reserves on the continent. While oil continues to play a dominant role in the economy, social and environmental cost of oil pollution has been extensive. Going by the BP statistical review of world energy 2007, at current production levels, the world’s oil reserves will be depleted in 40.5 years.  Countries will sooner or latter need to look towards other means of fuels that are more sustainable. This Eco Trio adventure elaborates…

Electricity for industrialisation, rising living standards and better healthcare in West Africa – where will it come from? Gas, coal, oil and renewable sources of energy are all in abundant supply. But what is the right mix for the energy future? And what are the carbon choices that West African countries need to make? This report by Hans Verolme looks into the social, cost and environmental dimensions of deciding on Africa’s energy for tomorrow.

Nigerian government announced in August 2014 that it wants to produce 30 percent of electricity from coal in 2015. This comes at a time when industrialized countries like China are trying to reduce their usage of coal because of its substantial environmental and social cost.

Nigeria flares gas worth $2.5 billion every year. At the same time, the federal government has pronounced a Gas Revolution to rig up electricity production from the paltry 4,500 MW to the needed 200,000 MW in 2030. But how would this work, and who will pay for it? A Fact Sheet on the potentials and potential pitfalls of Gas as the panacea to Nigeria’s power problems.

In Amakpa community in Edo state, Solar panels have powered a borehole for the past four years. The experience has been without hitches, a win-win for the villagers as Adesesde Oghademegbe explains in this short video. Watch video

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The world’s 3rd largest exporter of crude, yet millions of Nigerians live in poverty. How does that really happen, where are the loopholes in the system, where exactly do Nigerians miss out on the oil bounty? Green Deal Nigeria author and insider expert of the Nigerian oil and gas industry, Lois Laraba Machunga-Disu lists the weaknesses of the industry and makes practical suggestions how to fix Nigeria’s oil problems. - Oil & Gas, Green Deal Nigeria study

For deeper insights, more technical information and analysis, consult the Technical Background Paper by Lois Laraba Machunga-Disu

 

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Nigeria’s renewable energy industry is tiny by all means, despite excellent conditions for electricity production from solar, small hydro and biomass sources. If Nigeria covered only 1% of its land mass with solar panels, it could produce 192,000 megawatts of power, compared to the 4,000 megawatts that are currently available on the national grid. In his contribution to the Green Deal Nigeria study, Huzi Mshelia describes the manifold efforts on energy policy and regulation, which have so far resulted in little results.

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186 words to inspire you to imagine Nigeria without gas flaring and with a more transparent management of the oil and gas sectors, where communities who own natural resources such as oil, gas or minerals would earn royalties on the exploration of these resources...

Electricity for industrialisation, rising living standards and better healthcare in West Africa – where will it come from? Gas, coal, oil and renewable sources of energy are all in abundant supply. But what is the right mix for the energy future? And what are the carbon choices that West African countries need to make? This report by Hans Verolme looks into the social, cost and environmental dimensions of deciding on Africa’s energy for tomorrow.

Coal Atlas Nigeria: Facts and figures on a fossil fuel

Coal Atlas Nigeria contains the latest facts and figures on the use of coal and its environmental and social consequences. With detailed graphics, the atlas illustrates the coal industry’s impact on nature, health, labour, human rights and politics.

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