Energy for Nigeria

Energy for Nigeria

True Cost Of Electricity

How much is a megawatt of electricity? Besides the cost to the investor, there is a cost to the society of every megawatt generated in Nigeria. If external costs are included. the true cost of each energy source emerges, with coal as the most costly energy source followed by solar PV.

Coal Power At What Cost?

Many countries, especially the developed ones, are getting out of coal power due to issues of pollution and global warming. Coal pollution is costing the European Union 43 billion Euros annually in health cost; such health costs are not usually included when comparing the prices of various energy sources. Yet Nigeria, in the bid to solve its power problems, is looking to coal as a solution to its energy needs. This video tries to analyze Nigeria’s coal - to - power potentials and policies whilst weighing the true cost of coal power in Nigeria.

Download Full Report: Power at what cost?

Nigeria’s Energy Future

Nigeria‘s population of about 170 million people share 4,000 Megawatt of electricity between them. That amounts to about 3 light bulbs per person. However, Nigeria sees itself as a future world economic power. So how is Nigeria going to power its envisaged economic growth? What is Nigeria’s energy future? This article is based on a lecture held at the Lagos Business School by Hans Verolme, international expert specialising on green development solutions, climate and energy.

 

By Hans Verolme

Pay As You Go Solar

Despite the acute lack of electricity and the huge potentials for solar, wind and biomass in Nigeria, the renewable energy market is very small. Is Nigeria addicted to oil and gas? Or is there a policy window of opportunity to increase the amount of renewable energy that would benefit small businesses and households? An assessment by Christine K, with a policy advice on Pay As You Go Solar for Nigeria.

Living off The Grid In Nigeria

Many Nigerians have grown skeptical about the power of solar. The general impression is that solar energy cannot provide a lot of power, that ‘it’s not bright’ and that it breaks down after just a few months. One solar engineer in the capital city of Abuja has gone all the way to demonstrate that this impression is wrong: He has built a block of apartments which are run entirely on renewable energy.

Renewables - Fact Sheet

Nigeria produces 4,500 MW of electricity, a mere 7% of what Brazil produces per capita. The country will need 200,000 MW of power in the next fifteen years. The abundant natural gas alone cannot provide for this need. A Fact Sheet on the potentials of Renewable Energies as a power tool against corruption.

BUSINESS: Invest or Divest? Ponderings of an African Investor

The imaginary thoughts of an African investor about to invest in coal, or not. Weighing the desire for profits in the ‘era of the megawatt boom’ against fears of investing in stranded assets as elsewhere, the time of coal seems to end. This is a hypothetical piece.

By Mej Obada.

LOW CARBON POWER: Renewables on the Rise

The rise of renewable energies worldwide has caused prices of solar, wind and biomass technologies to drop by up to 80 percent. Clean energy has become affordable and communities, companies and nations are switching over. Hannah Kabir of CREEDS Energy describes the clean energy opportunities for Nigeria. A chapter from the Coal Atlas.

By Hannah Kabir

INTERVIEW: Power vs People?

Hard Talk between Ambassador Joseph Ayalogu, Executive Director Corporate Relations of ETA Zuma Group, the company that holds licences for coal mining and coal power plants in Kogi State, and Nnimmo Bassey, Director of the Health of Mother Earth Foundation, who advocates for ‘leaving coal in the hole’ and opposes extraction. Will coal push Nigeria into the industrial age? Or will it leave host communities as impoverished and polluted as some communities in the Niger Delta? The Hard Talk was moderated by Christine K, Director of the Heinrich Böll Foundation Nigeria.

Big Polluters, Pay Up

Earlier this year in Myanmar, torrential rain caused mudslides that wiped out hundreds of houses and caused large-scale crop destruction. More than 1.3 million people were affected, and over 100 died. In Vietnam, the same deluges caused toxic slurry pits from coal mines to overflow and run through villages, and into the World Heritage-listed Ha Long Bay; the death toll was 17. As such weather events become increasingly frequent and intense, the need to mitigate and adapt to climate change is becoming more urgent than ever.

Not all energy sources are created equal

All technologies have their own footprint. Renewable energy sources are generally cleaner, more sustainable and better for social development than fossil-fueled alternatives. As with any technology there are pros and cons to the use of renewables. Our report “Renewables on the Rise” clearly showed the benefits of renewable energy development. In this blog, author Hans Verolme looks at potential risks and problems associated with the large scale development of renewable energy technologies.

By Hans Verolme

ECO Trio Adventurers - Oil And Gas

Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa and holds the largest natural gas reserves on the continent. While oil continues to play a dominant role in the economy, social and environmental cost of oil pollution has been extensive. Going by the BP statistical review of world energy 2007, at current production levels, the world’s oil reserves will be depleted in 40.5 years.  Countries will sooner or latter need to look towards other means of fuels that are more sustainable. This Eco Trio adventure elaborates…

Renewables on the Rise

Electricity for industrialisation, rising living standards and better healthcare in West Africa – where will it come from? Gas, coal, oil and renewable sources of energy are all in abundant supply. But what is the right mix for the energy future? And what are the carbon choices that West African countries need to make? This report by Hans Verolme looks into the social, cost and environmental dimensions of deciding on Africa’s energy for tomorrow.

COAL POWER

Nigerian government announced in August 2014 that it wants to produce 30 percent of electricity from coal in 2015. This comes at a time when industrialized countries like China are trying to reduce their usage of coal because of its substantial environmental and social cost.

Solar powered water in Edo State

In Amakpa community in Edo state, Solar panels have powered a borehole for the past four years. The experience has been without hitches, a win-win for the villagers as Adesesde Oghademegbe explains in this short video. Watch video

Corruption in Nigeria’s Oil Sector – the Facts

The world’s 3rd largest exporter of crude, yet millions of Nigerians live in poverty. How does that really happen, where are the loopholes in the system, where exactly do Nigerians miss out on the oil bounty? Green Deal Nigeria author and insider expert of the Nigerian oil and gas industry, Lois Laraba Machunga-Disu lists the weaknesses of the industry and makes practical suggestions how to fix Nigeria’s oil problems. - Oil & Gas, Green Deal Nigeria study

For deeper insights, more technical information and analysis, consult the Technical Background Paper by Lois Laraba Machunga-Disu

 

By Lois Laraba Machunga-Disu

The Energy Giant of Africa?

Nigeria’s renewable energy industry is tiny by all means, despite excellent conditions for electricity production from solar, small hydro and biomass sources. If Nigeria covered only 1% of its land mass with solar panels, it could produce 192,000 megawatts of power, compared to the 4,000 megawatts that are currently available on the national grid. In his contribution to the Green Deal Nigeria study, Huzi Mshelia describes the manifold efforts on energy policy and regulation, which have so far resulted in little results.

By Huzi Ishaku Mshelia

Imagine... oil & gas in 2030

186 words to inspire you to imagine Nigeria without gas flaring and with a more transparent management of the oil and gas sectors, where communities who own natural resources such as oil, gas or minerals would earn royalties on the exploration of these resources...

Action Points

 What needs to be done for Nigerians to reap the benefits of their wealth in oil and gas? 3 action points:                         

Federal Government of Nigeria: Stop gas flaring now, and open the gas market to commercial ownership of exploration, pipeline transmission and distribution.                  

Civil Society: Demand the creation of a new governance for the energy sector, integrating regulations for oil, gas and renewable energies in a Federal Energy Commission.

You: Attend public hearings on the Petroleum Industry Bill and demand clarity on the proposed management system of the gas sector. Host communities should receive royalties from the gas explored on their lands and government should receive income from taxing the commercial gas operators. We do not need derivation arrangements.

(more details in Green Deal Nigeria study).

Let’s talk about… cow dung, baby

Out of 160 million Nigerians, about 100 million are still waiting for electricity. The 40% national grid makes large-scale rural development almost impossible to achieve. Renewable energies can provide power to millions of people in Nigeria, as the country has enough sun, small water ways, wind and biomass to produce 200,000 mega watts or more. But there is lack of awareness and of large-scale government support. This video is meant to increase awareness of renewable energies as cheap sources of reliable power. Watch Video

Papaya Power

Forty per cent of Nigerian agricultural products ends up as waste. Fruit and vegetables at the famous Mile 12 market in Lagos are no exemption, despite the fact that Lagos’ gastronomy and people depend on this market for their daily supplies. Aniche Phil-Ebosie sees money in this waste, and is using the rotting veg to produce gas, which he turns into electricity for the market stalls. Watch Video

Destroying what feeds you

Millions of trees are fired and wasted under Nigerian cooking pots as many women still cook on three-stone fires. Cooking with fire wood has destroyed large sways of Nigerian forest cover, which is under threat of extinction today. Mallam Adamu Mbar Yelwa is a 78 year old citizen of Taraba state. He remembers the days when clouds were hanging low over Yelwa forests, providing the people of the area with fresh air and lots of animals. Watch Video

Come and chop!

It’s what people say when they invite someone to share their meal: in Nigeria, you ‘chop’ food as you dig your fingers into some delicious pounded yam with egusi stew. Alas, most Nigerians are not aware that by eating food, they usually chop down trees, too. As most Nigerian meals are still prepared on the traditional three-stone fire, the nation’s forest cover has been reduced to 5 per cent of its original size. Environmental journalist Ugochi Anyaka on Nigeria’s deforestation crisis..

By Ugochi Anyaka

THE GOOD LIFE

This educative musical movie features star artistes like DJ Switch (GLO X Factor winner 2013), Six Foot Plus (Renowned Nigerian Artiste), Shaffy – Bello Akinrimisi (Award winner, Best of Nollywood Awards) and other Nollywood stars. Movie producer Deji Arosho says, “This is a new format for a new message. The music in the film carries the message that Nigerians are tired of waiting for opportunities, tired of waiting for power, waiting for light… The characters in this film are bold, demanding and entrepreneurial. The movie has a clear message: There is another way, let there be light!”

Efe, a professional barber from Lagos, has expanded his business by about 40 per cent after installing his own solar panels. He is even starting a second barbing saloon in another part of town. Find out how he was able to do it in this short video.

Renewables on the Rise

Electricity for industrialisation, rising living standards and better healthcare in West Africa – where will it come from? Gas, coal, oil and renewable sources of energy are all in abundant supply. But what is the right mix for the energy future? And what are the carbon choices that West African countries need to make? This report by Hans Verolme looks into the social, cost and environmental dimensions of deciding on Africa’s energy for tomorrow.

Solar powered water in Edo State

In Amakpa community in Edo state, Solar panels have powered a borehole for the past four years. The experience has been without hitches, a win-win for the villagers as Adesesde Oghademegbe explains in this short video. Watch video

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