Alternative energy sources conquer the place of coal, oil and gas, in the cities the car loses its prestige, global environmental technologies are booming. Technological innovations and a changed, sustainable lifestyle go hand in hand. The course is set, but we have to hurry to win the race against the ecological crisis.

What is the actual cost of generating one megawatt of electricity besides the cost incurred by investors? This study examines other external costs associated with generating electricity from different energy sources. If these external costs are included, the true cost of each energy source emerges, with coal as the most costly energy source followed by solar PV.

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How much coal should Nigeria burn to increase electricity supplies for the country? Is coal economically viable, and what health hazards does it bring to Nigerians? The Nigeria Coal Atlas has relevant facts & figures from domestic and international sources


Industrial agriculture is responsible for both colossal environmental and climate damage as well as global injustice. It is high time for a socially and politically oriented regulation of the agrifood industry. We hope that this atlas will stimulate a broad-based social debate on this vital topic.

Marshall Plan for Nigeria NESG Report

How should the ‘Giant of Africa’ develop, and what role should the ‘Power House of Europe’ play in this development, if any? It is in the search for practical approaches to a development that has the majority citizens as its centre that the Nigeria Office of the Heinrich Böll Foundation commissioned this paper. This paper is meant to spell out the private sector view on people-oriented development, and it was developed in collaboration with the Nigerian Economic Summit Group, NESG, as the main private sector platform of Nigeria.

Bitumen in Nigeria

Nigeria has the 6th largest reserves globally of bitumen, also known as oil sands or tar sands. It is used in road construction, but can also be processed into oil. International researcher Christina Milos draws lessons from the Canadian experience, comparing with field findings from Ogun State and adding analysis of Nigerian government policies in order to assess the true cost of extracting bitumen from the ground.

Coal Atlas Nigeria: Facts and figures on a fossil fuel

Coal Atlas Nigeria contains the latest facts and figures on the use of coal and its environmental and social consequences. With detailed graphics, the atlas illustrates the coal industry’s impact on nature, health, labour, human rights and politics.

20 years of African CSO Involvement in Climate Change Negotiations: Priorities, Strategies and Actions

A publication which explores African CSO engagement in the UNFCCC conference of Parties (COPs) process. It looks into the strategies CSOs have employed and how these have shifted over the years, the successes and challenges encountered along the way, growing government recognision of the role and value of CSOs to their engagment as negotiators and as a link between affected communities and african government postions at the negotiating table.

PAYG Executive Summary

Pay As You Go Solar (PAYG Solar) is fast growing in East Africa, with companies such as MobiSol and M-KOPA installing many MW in Tanzania, Kenya. There is no limit to growth as the business is built on quality service provided in small household and MSME units.

People, Profit, Planet

A green budget for Jigawa State

Taking the concrete case of a typical Jigawa State annual budget, this report charts an alternative vision which takes into account the long-term cost of environmental damage and of underdeveloping the local economy. The green solutions in this report include replacing chemical with organic fertiliser, thereby creating more than 1,000 local jobs; the report also calculates the benefits of buying solar irrigation pumps rather than diesel powered pumps – resulting in savings of more than N 12 billion over a decade.